Around the globe, people of different nations have varying opinions regarding women and their rights. On almost all countries, women are considered inferior to men, and thus, it means that their rights are limited compared to men’s. The widespread gender inequality is no longer surprising news; and yet so little have been done in order to address the matter.
“Since Thailand is a matrilineal society, a huge number of Thai males chose traditional women’s household chores”
Take Northeast Thailand as an example. Compared to women in other developing countries, especially in Asia, women in Thailand are generally more respected and viewed favorably. Since Thailand is a matrilineal society, a huge number of Thai males chose traditional women’s household chores. How the society views Thai women, however, doesn’t go hand-in-hand with the advocacy of women’s rights in Thailand. Although women in Thailand were among the first women in Asia who were granted the right to vote in 1932, until today they are underrepresented in Thai politics. Still a lot work to do for women’s rights. Thailand’s first female prime minister, Yingluck Shinawatra was condemned for the lack of action on her part to resolve gender issues.
Women’s rights movement in United States went back a long way to the year 1848. In Seneca Falls, New York, on that very year, the first women’s right convention was held. As a result, a set of 12 resolutions is adopted calling for equal treatment of women and men under the law and voting rights for women. However, only 72 years later, on August 18, 1920 the 19th Amendment to the U.S Constitution granted American women the right to vote.
“The term ’79 cent’ summarized the ugly truth”
Recent reports highlighted the gender pay gap in United States further proved an ugly truth; that even a developed and prosperous country such as US struggles with gender inequality. The term ’79 cent’ summarized the ugly truth; that women working full time in United States typically earn 79 percent of what men earn; that is 79 cents for every 1 dollar a man makes. Regardless of their education background, women’s median earnings are less than men’s median earnings. On a brighter note, the gap has significantly decreased since 1974, when women earned 41% less. Countries like Canada, Germany and Australia also experiences gender pay gap; and this proves that the issue is not a mere myth. It’s a real and thriving threat to women’s right.
“Labors in Indonesia often work for clothing or cigarette companies; earning a heartbreaking amount of Rp 840,000 (around US$ 65) monthly”
The Pay Gap phenomenon doesn’t only occur in United States. In Indonesia, women are often dubbed as the “prime workforce” and the source of cheap laborers in manufacturing businesses. Labors in Indonesia often work for clothing or cigarette companies; earning a heartbreaking amount of Rp 840,000 (around US$ 65) monthly. This number is even lower among female laborers. No difference of working condition, working hours, qualifications, or job descriptions are found between men and female laborers, and yet, women in Indonesia earn up to 25% less.
Women, across the globe are viewed differently. And yet, they share a common ground; a desire to defend their rights. Many efforts have been made to campaign for gender equality, and we are eager to see fruitful results from such promulgation.